aané (Crotophaga ani)
The material shared in this entry was documented as part of a British Academy funded research project in 2018 on Ayoreo bird knowledge in the Paraguayan Chaco (Wyndham, PI). The information and drawings come from 8-10 individuals interviewed during July 2018; all gave explicit permission to share the information with the public so as to increase public appreciation of Ayoreo language, ecological knowledge, and deep ties to the landscapes of the northern Chaco.
The latin name of this bird was given by Linnaeus, 1758. At first glance, I was struck that the Ayoreo name and the latin species name were so similar (aané and ani). I speculated that it might be due to the bird's call, as an onomatopoeic name. But then I found this: "ani: Tupi Indian= ani, angi, anim,= Tupi Indian name used to designate a social bird" (http://www.peruaves.org/cuculidae/smooth-billed-ani-crotophaga-ani/ accessed 6 dec2018), suggesting that the Ayoreo name is a borrowing from Tupí Guaraní (geographically/ historically though not linguistically close), as, probably, did Linnaeus. I would be intrigued to know the route by which Linnaeus gave this species the Tupi name, how many of his names have indigenous language roots, and what his process was... a great research project for someone!
Alternate name: ané
Espanñol: Anó chico
Español: Si canta de noche anuncia que habrán huérfanos. Su mayor alimento es que come el pasto verde y otra clase de ramas. Un muchacho muy negro.
Ayoreo: Chatatá disijadode.
English: If this bird sings at night, it can be taken as a warning that there will soon be orphans in the community (i.e., an attack/ deaths are imminent).
The main food of this bird is green grass and another kind of herbs. He's a very black boy.
Traditional Ayoreo territories of the Northern Chaco, Paraguay & Bolivia
Territorios tradicionales Ayoreo del Chaco Norte, Paraguay y Bolivia
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